HOUSING AS A STRATEGY FOR HEALTH PROMOTION FROM AN INTERSECTORAL AND MULTI-DISCIPLINARY APPROACH
We spend over 90% of our lives in buildings, yet we know much more about the effects of environmental conditions on human health than how buildings affect our health.
Healthy housing is the concept of housing as a health agent, which implies reducing to the maximum the existing risk factors from its design, micro-location and construction, extending then to its use and maintenance.
Numerous studies affirm that there is a positive correlation between the quality of housing conditions and the health of its residents. Inadequate habitability conditions bring with them allergic pathologies and chemical components that are harmful to health. The impossibility of maintaining an adequate home temperature or energy poverty has been associated with high mortality and morbidity rates, mainly due to cardiovascular and respiratory pathologies. Insufficient natural light, indoor air pollution, excessive outdoor noise; are breeding grounds for infectious diseases, mental illness, irritability, anxiety, depression and sleep disorders. An inadequate physical and community environment accentuates the risk of suffering psychological and leads to even higher rates of mortality from all causes.
The main objective of the BIMhealthy project is to deepen in the transversality of the concept of healthy housing in a professional as well as educational level, taking advantage of the flow of knowledge of the health and construction disciplines and will develop the interoperability between the metadata generated by the emerging BIM technologies, so that all the information related to health and housing can be dumped in these systems and reinterpreted for the exhaustive knowledge of urban developments and rehabilitations, so that the architect is able to project a health promoting housing model.
Fundación Universitaria San Antonio (Spain) www.ucam.edu
Asociación Empresarial de Investigación Centro Tecnológico del Mármol, Piedra y Materiales (Spain)
Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de Alicante (Spain)
Politechnika Warszawska (Poland)
Datacomp Sp. z o.o (Poland)
Universitatea Transilvania din Brasov (Romania)